Dr Foot Podiatry surgery is one of the leading biomechanical clinics in the Midlands.
A biomechanical assessment is necessary to assess the quality and range of movement of the joints, to assess muscle strength and flexibility, to assess compensatory mechanisms, and to assess the way that you walk, paying particular attention to the way the foot contacts the ground at each stage of the gait cycle. We carry our manual diagnostic tests as well as a computerised Gait Scan in addition to this we have access to a treadmill in our clinic, your running & walking pattern can be analysed enabling our podiatrists to offer accurate advice concerning the most appropriate orthotics for you.
A biomechanical assessment is suitable for anyone experiencing lower back, knee, hip, and calf, ankle, or foot pain whereby the cause has not yet been established. The biomechanical assessment is the first step in understanding what the cause of the problem is, what can be done, and what further investigations or referrals to other health professionals are needed.
The assessment does not focus solely on the foot; we also assess the knee, hip, pelvis and spine, and assess their relationship with one another. It is important to take a holistic approach when performing a biomechanical assessment, this is because a pain may be present in an area due to weakness or poor structural alignment in another. In other words, the site of the problem is not necessarily where the cause originates; lower back pain, for example, can be the result of poor foot function.
The aim of a biomechanical assessment and treatment is to diagnose the cause of the problem, and then improve the function of the lower limb and foot, thereby reducing any painful symptoms that you may be experiencing as a result. Podiatry treatment following a biomechanical assessment may involve:
*Orthoses to improve foot function and redistribute pressure away from painful structures
*A stretching programme to increase range of movement and reduce muscle tightness
*A strengthening programme to strengthen weak muscles
*Padding and strapping to cushion and support
At Dr Foot Podiatry we prescribe two types of orthoses, these are casted, (also known as bespoke), and non-casted orthoses (sometimes referred to as ‘off the shelf’).
A number of materials can be used in the making of orthoses; the material chosen by the podiatrist will depend on a variety of factors, such as activity level, weight, and pathology.
Custom Orthotic Sandals
We also provide custom orthotic sandals for summer use.
Any person with a foot problem or just looking for healthy feet can benefit from wearing orthotics. It is estimated that over 70% of the population suffer from rolling inwards of the foot and fallen arches (excess pronation), which is the major contributing factor to foot problems and this issue significantly worsens as we get older. The muscles and ligaments in the foot become weaker and the fatty padding under the foot thins out, which means less cushioning for the bones, in particular the heel bone. Fallen arches, thinning fat tissue and heel spurs are the most common foot complaints for those over 50.
It is also very important for people who are on their feet all day. Unforgiving hard surfaces like concrete take their toll after long periods of standing even for younger people or those without foot issues! Most common complaints are fatigued, aching feet and legs as well as lower back pain. Pregnant and overweight people have excess weight that worsens the effects of excess pronation and its related pains. Proper alignment and support are crucial for those carrying additional weight, which creates additional forces on the feet, ankles, knees and back.
Even if you don’t have foot problems, wearing custom sandals can eliminate pressure points on your feet and evenly distribute your weight and help to avoid future problems. Custom Sandals provide true orthotic support in your arch and heel, which in turn can enhance energy and help eliminate foot fatigue.
Non casted orthoses
Non casted orthoses, otherwise known as ‘off the shelf’ orthoses, are insoles that are ready made. Non casted insoles are much cheaper than bespoke orthoses, and for some people they may be all that is necessary to alleviate symptoms, however, they are not suitable for all foot pathologies. Non casted orthoses can also provide a good starting point for which to ‘try out’ orthoses, before purchasing the more expensive bespoke variety.
Orthoses have different benefits depending on the desired outcome, the type of orthoses prescribed, and individual prescription. The benefits that can be achieved through orthoses provision include:
Orthoses can improve a variety of foot and lower limb complaints, including:
We also carry out a gait scan using our TOG Gaitscan system with every biomehacnical evaluation. Improper foot motion may cause pain through the foot, or place extra pressure on the knees, hips and spine. If problems with foot alignment are noticed during the examination we use our TOG GaitScan system to investigate thoroughly. By simply walk on pad the force through the foot during a normal stride are measured 125 times per second.
The impressions feed into a computer which clearly displays areas of the foot which are under too much or little pressure. This information may guide our treatment towards manipulation of foot joints, low level laser, dry needling, taping etc. or indicate prescribing tailor-made orthotics designed for each foots’ needs.
Why is GaitScan so important?
Your foot is in contact with the ground for about 0.8 of a second when walking and about 0.25 seconds when running. Imagine trying to determine normal or abnormal foot function with the naked eye in a quater of a second? This is too difficult for even the most experienced practitioner. The GaitScan system records your timing sequences during normal gait as you walk or run across the pressure plate. This enables myself to have a clear picture of your foot mechanics and detemine whether you would benefit from wearing custom made foot orthotics.
How does Gaitscan work?
1. Scans the Foot
As you stand and then walk across the pressure plate, thousands of tiny sensors capture the distribution of pressure of your foot over time.
2. Maps Foot Pressure
From your step, the computer displays 2D and 3D visual representations of the pressure under your foot. You can see where you have too much or too little pressure.
It also allows us to identify any asymmetries present.
3. Print a Report
The information is then summarised in a report that can be printed or emailed for you to see. The report findings wll help me evaluate your foot function and determine if the pain you are experiencing is related to faulty foot function.
4. Determines the need for Orthotic Therapy
The information from this report will assist me to determine if you need orthotic therapy and this will be discussed clearly and in detail with you and with no obligation
We use advanced sensor technology and algorithms to precisely record your stride mechanics while your walking or runnign in your shoes. Shoe Analysis Metrics reports advanced metrics in 4 dimensions: Efficiency, Motion, Shock & Symmetry. This holistic view allows our podiatrists to precisely assess a runner’s style, quantify the impact of training on mechanics and identify trends.
Pronation is a complex tri-planar movement that centers around the Subtalar foot joint. It is estimated by measuring the rearfoot angle during ground contact while running and/or walking.
Shoe Analysis Metrics measures Pronation Excursion, which is the total range of angular movement (in degrees) as the foot rolls inward between footstrike and the point of maximum pronation.
It is important because it has been labeled as a potential indicator for overuse injuries while running. However, it is a natural movement and is an effective means of shock absorption at footstrike.
Our video gait analysis software forms an important part of our biomechanical assessments, viewing patients while in motion provides vital additional information which may reveal the cause of injuries. Can be used objectively to justify treatment intervention in medico-legal cases, this can also form part of a medico-legal report.
As part of our unique biomechanical assesment we also use a hand held dynamometer, designed specifically for taking objective, reliable, and quantifiable muscle testing measurements. Modern adaptation of the time tested art of "hands on" manual muscle testing, the hand held dynamometer aids in diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of neuromuscular and musculoskeletal disorders. it also enables us to objectively rather than subjectively assess if a rehabilaition programme is successfully targeting an affected structure.
Our practice also uses a 3-D scanner to capture data for the design of our orthotics.The 3d scanner can be used for the production of custom-made orthotics for either diabetic or rheumatoid patients, or for the correction of abnormalities caused by biomechanical dysfunction of the musculo-skeletal system. The 3d scanner is extremely fast and accurate. It is based on scanning technology developed for the aerospace industry, which allows high quality, full colour, 3D images to be produced in approximately three seconds. The data collected is accurate to within 0.4mm. This ensures that our laboratory can produce a right-first-time orthotic that will put the patient on the recovery path as quickly as possible.
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